Bio-Organic Farming and Gardening
Bio-Organic Farming and Gardening unique methods of biodynamic agriculture include treating animals, plants, and soils in a single system, focusing their origins as a local production and distribution system, and using traditional rather than the development of new local breeds and varieties Bio-Organic has a lot in common with other organic approaches in that it emphasizes manure and compost and excludes the use of synthetic or artificial fertilizers, pesticides, and herbicides on soil and plants.
Composting brings a healthy relationship between animal fertilizers and plant material into the soil and transforms them into a powerful source of strength and fertility for agricultural organisms. Bio-Organic farms strive to produce their own fertility by composting and integrating livestock breeding and crop rotation.
Animal dung is an excellent source of Bio-Organic matter and nutrients for the soil. Ceiling plants and composted slurry can be used to maintain the soil with organic matter for fertility. The soil is maintained by planting and tillage to protect the soil from erosion in the off-season and add additional organic matter.
The main sources of organic plant nutrients are agricultural and farm slurry (rural and urban), compost, sewage sludge, press mud, green fertilizer, crop residues, forest waste, and industrial waste products. Compost can be used up to 4 to 8 tons per hectare for growing field vegetables, 10 to 20 tons per hectare for 1 to 2 pounds per square meter for soil development in the garden, and 0.5 to 1 pound per square meter for soil fertility conservation. Synthetic fertilizers are not used to build and maintain rich, living soils, so the addition of organic substances is a priority for Bio-Organic farmers.
Composting of organic matter stabilizes nitrogen, kills pathogens, weeds and seeds, and allows the use of materials such as raw slurry and sawdust that cannot be used for vegetable cultivation. Organic farming systems rely as much as possible on crop rotation, crop residues, livestock dung, legumes, green fertilizers, agricultural organic waste, mechanical farming, mineral-rich rocks, and natural and biological pest control to maintain soil productivity, provide plant nutrients, and combat insects, weeds and other pests. Organic farmers are very careful to give the soil the nutrients that keep it healthy, just as a person works with certain nutrients to keep his body healthy.
Bio-Organic farming is the production of crops that avoids or excludes the use of synthetic compounds, fertilizers, pesticides, growth regulators, live fodder, and additives. Organic production is a holistic system designed to optimize the productivity and fitness of various communities within the agroecosystems – including soil organisms, plants, livestock, and humans. Organic farming methods for crops and livestock include more than just the renunciation of pesticides, fertilizers, genetically modified organisms, antibiotics, and growth hormones.
Bio-Organic production covers a wide range of applications. Organic agriculture and horticulture are the results of the conviction that the best food crops come from soils that have been grown and treated organically. Organic gardening is based on self-sufficient and sustainable gardens instead of relying on synthetic fertilizers and pesticides.
Sustainable gardening uses natural biological methods to build soil fertility and healthy insect-resistant plants. Biodynamic agriculture aims to create healthy soil with compost, crops, grazing, and crop rotation. It treats compost heaps with medicinal herbal preparations such as BD 502 and 507 to promote the microbial life needed for soil fertility, which is suppressed by chemical fertilizers.
Fertilizers and other inputs are needed but can be minimized if the farmer uses natural and renewable inputs. Organic residues and nutrients produced on the farm are returned to the soil. Many conventional organic farms grow crops and breed livestock as an efficient measure to create imbalances such as nutrient deficiencies in crop cultivation, pollution, and excess manure from livestock farming.
As an integral part of organic farming, organic vegetable cultivation promotes and improves the natural diversity and biological cycles of the farm. Biodynamic gardens and biodynamic farms work to bring together plants, animals, and soil into a living conscious relationship so that they support and balance the whole. Biodynamics produces agricultural fertility because biodynamic plants grow and live in the soil, ensuring a high quality of health and nutrition that is not possible with chemical fertilizers or hydroponic cultivation.
Arvi believes that the beauty of organic farming is illustrated by the fact that you can continue to grow and produce crops that yield without using hazardous chemicals, as Mother Nature intended. The use of hazardous chemicals on the farm does not harm the health of farmers, their longevity, and the health of the plants and soil surrounding them.
The Austrian philosopher and social reformer Rudolf Steiner (1861-1925) urged his followers to test a number of practices and principles for sustainable agriculture, and thanks to this approach biodynamic agriculture was developed through joint research, observation, and practical cultivation methods. In a 2002 editorial, Peter Treue, an agricultural scientist at Kiel University, characterized biodynamics as pseudoscience and argued that similar or even equal results could be achieved with conventional principles of organic farming. The main reason why farmers wanted to operate sustainably was their concern for the environment and working with agricultural chemicals in conventional agriculture.
This course is aimed at students who are interested in organic farming and horticulture and takes into account the perspectives of farmers and amateur gardeners. It covers topics such as the planning and design of organic gardens, plant and seed selection, specialty crops, soil formation, fertility, composting, the history of organic farming, seed approach, plant growth, measurement, and data collection, pest control, natural landscapes, and rain gardens. For great insights into biodynamic organic plantings, instructors translate their passion for a healthy future into teaching and practical methods.
Essential Biodynamics provides important details about the unique effectiveness of organic farming and horticulture and what makes it effective and useful. This course is intended as an agricultural course in the logical triad of cosmos formation, earth care, and strategic biological food production. Materials made available to students include relevant website documents, PowerPoint presentations, and other references.